E-ISSN 2617-9784 | ISSN 2617-1791
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study

Sharoon Shahzad, Nizar Ali, Jamal Hussain, Asgher Ali, Sadaqat Ali.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of water-borne diseases and perceived quality of drinking water in a low socioeconomic area of
Islamabad, Pakistan

Material and Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted in a low-income area of Noorpur Shahan, a slum area in the outskirts of Islamabad. All houses of this area were visited by an investigator and a self-administered, validated questionnaire was filled from one member of the family. Data was collected and analyzed through SPSS version 21.

Results: Sixty houses were included in this study out of which 3 households were excluded due to recent relocation in the area. Nearly 70% of the studied population drank water from water supply by the municipal department of the city. More than half of the families
(59.6%) stated that they currently have or had an infection in the last three months due to water borne disease with diarrhea (22.8%) being the most common presentation. Observations were reported by the respondents about the quality of drinking water such as bad taste (52.6%), foul smell (38.6%) and turbidity (47.4%).

Conclusion:Slum areas of Islamabad lack access to clean drinking water with the quality of water generally being poor. This also results in a high burden of water-borne diseases and the spread of infectious disease which may cause epidemics. Further studies are required to see the chemical analysis of water to see if it is fit for drinking and to carry studies in various nearby areas so that urgent action can be taken regarding the provision of clean and safe drinking water.

Key words: Waterborne diseases, quality, drinking water, Pakistan


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shahzad S, Ali N, Hussain J, Ali A, Ali S. Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. SAJEM. 2019; 2(1): 29-36.


Web Style

Shahzad S, Ali N, Hussain J, Ali A, Ali S. Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. http://www.sajem.org/?mno=33370 [Access: September 22, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shahzad S, Ali N, Hussain J, Ali A, Ali S. Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. SAJEM. 2019; 2(1): 29-36.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shahzad S, Ali N, Hussain J, Ali A, Ali S. Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. SAJEM. (2019), [cited September 22, 2019]; 2(1): 29-36.



Harvard Style

Shahzad, S., Ali, . N., Hussain, . J., Ali, . A. & Ali, . S. (2019) Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. SAJEM, 2 (1), 29-36.



Turabian Style

Shahzad, Sharoon, Nizar Ali, Jamal Hussain, Asgher Ali, and Sadaqat Ali. 2019. Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 29-36.



Chicago Style

Shahzad, Sharoon, Nizar Ali, Jamal Hussain, Asgher Ali, and Sadaqat Ali. "Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study." South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (2019), 29-36.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shahzad, Sharoon, Nizar Ali, Jamal Hussain, Asgher Ali, and Sadaqat Ali. "Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study." South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2.1 (2019), 29-36. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shahzad, S., Ali, . N., Hussain, . J., Ali, . A. & Ali, . S. (2019) Prevalence of water-borne diseases and perception of quality of drinking water in the low socioeconomic area of Islamabad, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. South Asian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2 (1), 29-36.